سال انتشار: ۱۳۹۰
محل انتشار: ششمین کنگره ملی مهندسی عمران
تعداد صفحات: ۸
Anoushirvan Farshidianfar – Associate professor, Mechanical Engineering Department, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
Saeed Soheili – PhD Candidate, Mechanical Engineering Department, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad,
This paper investigates the application of a bi-directional vibration system, namely Tuned Liquid Column Damper with Period Adjustment equipment (TLCD-PA), which is used to decrease the vibrations of highrise buildings due to earthquake oscillations. The TLCD-PA is a two degree-of-freedom (2DOF) system consists of two U-shaped tubes filled with water (2TLCDs) and a pendulum. The second TLCD, namely Period Adjustment equipment (PA), is smaller than the first one and placed above it. The two TLCDs are connected through the air tubes at the top of vertical columns. The liquid displacement in the PA system moves the plate at the middle radially, which is connected to the pendulum. The liquid columns, the air tubes and the pendulum provide spring stiffness for the system. On the other hand, the liquid movement in the two TLCDs provides nonlinear damping for the equipment. The liquid mass in the two TLCDs and the pendulum provide the required mass for the system. Therefore, this type of damper consists of many adjustable parameters that help for the better tuning of frequency and damping coefficients. In this paper, the effect of various important parameters of the TLCD-PA on the earthquake vibrations of tall buildings is investigated. The structure is modeled as a single DOF system equipped with TLCD-PA at the top of the building. Kobe earthquake data is employed for the modeling of earthquake oscillations, and the nonlinear Newmark method is applied for the displacement, velocity and acceleration calculations. The effects of area ratios and length ratios for the U-shaped tubes of two TLCDs are investigated. Moreover, the effects of pendulum parameters such as mass, spring stiffness and length of the pendulum are discussed. The frequency effects of TLCD and PA equipment are also studied. It is shown that the TLCD-PA is a useful system for the reduction of building vibrations. It is also shown that how the various parameters assist the designers to the better adjustment of the TLCD-PA system. This study helps the researchers to the better understanding of the TLCD-PA system, and leads the designers to achieve more efficient dampers for the high-rise buildings.