سال انتشار: ۱۳۹۰

محل انتشار: کنفرانس بین المللی دانش سنتی برای حفاظت از تنوع زیستی

تعداد صفحات: ۲

نویسنده(ها):

Bahareh chakoshi –
Hemmatollah Pirdashti – Associate Professor, Genetic and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute of Tabarestan, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari, Iran

چکیده:

Our country of Iran, but the earth is dry and the other Caspian Sea and Alborzand Zagros mountain range, is often a dry climate with little precipitation.So that only approximately one-third share of the world Iran is precipitation.Years away from the drought phenomenon in our country has been markedto be repeated periodically. The context of natural resources and agriculturalactivities and the success or failure of projects, Dependent on the availabilityof water resources and the enjoyment of the annual rainfall in different regionsof our country and especially in dry areas and water is low.Considering the long history of agriculture, exploitation of indigenous knowledgeand regional data, various methods for coping with drought and low water havebeen used that Indigenous knowledge can be used as a tool in developmentplanning and management of water resources to be used.Know the indigenous people of that part of the national capital, beliefs, values,methods, tools and local knowledge encompasses them. Indigenous knowledgenot only of conflict and contradiction, with no formal knowledge of the differentcharacteristics of indigenous knowledge, it makes a good supplement to formalknowledge. Drnym failed policies of the past century, and the unintended consequences ofenvironmental policies often have access to the maximum(Maximum utilizationof natural resources, maximum production, maximum use of the maximumsales which ultimately will lead to maximum profit) Is damaging Degradationof pastures and forests, increasing desertification of the land, severe erosion,and drought.Using rain water for drinking and various natural resources and agriculture inarid regions of the country have been popular for centuries, It is necessary toeffect the collection of indigenous knowledge in these areas, their performance isevaluated and a practical model for addressing drought should be considered.They tried it, Emphasis on the role and importance of indigenous knowledgeand traditional methods commonly discussed topic in the optimal managementof water resources in arid regions, Introduced, and the effect desired resultsfrom implementing a traditional rangeland and desert areas of South KhorasanProvince A crescent of water intake and its effect on improving the diversity ofvegetation and areas of natural resources is the province.