سال انتشار: ۱۳۹۰
محل انتشار: کنفرانس بین المللی دانش سنتی برای حفاظت از تنوع زیستی
تعداد صفحات: ۵
Mohammad Bagher Rezaee – Phytochemistry Group,Department of Medicinal plants & By-products-Chairman of Iranian Society of Medicinal Plant
Rose (Rosa damascena Mill.) is the king of flowers is classified in old gardenroses . The origin of Damask rose is in Iran and the Middle East region andit is the national flower of Iran. The major use of Damask rose is distillationof petals in order to extract its essential oil and producing rose water . Thefragrance of the rose flower captured by extraction is one of the most valuableodors and fragrances produced. The most common aroma concentrates of roseare rose oil and rose water, derived from distillation. This type of rose ismainly grown in temperate climates, usually at an altitude between 1800 -300m. Also rose oil is a valuable natural drug agent possessing bacte- riostatic,antihystological, gall curative, antispasmodic and relaxing etc. . Avicennashowed that rose oil has uses in aroma-therapy for treatment of cardiac diseases. There are different kinds of traditional and modern devices for the extractionof volatile oil from Rosa damascene [7-3].