سال انتشار: ۱۳۹۱
محل انتشار: اولین همایش بین المللی اقتصاد سنجی، روشها و کاربردها
تعداد صفحات: ۱۲
Mohammad Ali Ashrofipour – Lecturer at Mola Sadra University, Ramsar, Iran
Abbasali Daryaii – Assistant Professor of Islamic Azad Univeristy, Tonkabon Branch
In recent years, good governance become a burning issue in public sector management, this is due to governance plays important role in determining the health community. Mediation process of growth and economic development of countries in recent decades has been such that the environmental challenge to one of the most important concerns has become policy makers. Therefore environmental resources, good governance means in a manner in which management decisions lead to promote sustainable development (including environmental protection). However given the importance of environmental issues, this study has tried to use panel data methods, the effects of good governance indicators, GDP growth as an indicator of growth, technology and education indicators improve, the release rate of one Of the major air pollutants (CO2) as an indicator of environmental quality in 33 selected developing countries, including Iran, will test during the 1996-2338 period. To achieve better results in increased power compared to the results, the same test in 33 OECD member countries also took a similar time period. The finding indicates that in both countries despite a positive effect on the rate of economic growth pollutants CO2, promotion of technology in reducing carbon dioxide pollution in both countries was effective, If the index of literacy in OECD countries in reducing pollution, but positive and significant in selected developing countries, is without meaning. On six indicators of good governance including voice and accountability, political stability, rule of law, regulatory quality, control of corruption and government effectiveness, the air pollution in two countries considered, the results indicate that improved governance indicators the gap between people and government about environmental issues and reduced indices of power accountability and Quality of rules and regulations in reducing the gap and thus reduce air pollutants from other governance indicators are higher.