سال انتشار: ۱۳۹۰

محل انتشار: دومین کنفرانس بین المللی معماری و سازه

تعداد صفحات: ۹

نویسنده(ها):

Maziar Asefi – Assistant professor at Tabriz Islamic Art University
Faegeh Ahangar Sirus – .Arch Student at Tabriz Islamic Art University

چکیده:

Every year, with the attention to this fact that, millions of people all over the world experience natural disaster including earthquake, Tsunami and hurricane, it is necessary to develop shelters that can occupy the survivors in a very short period of time.These temporary dwelling should also be able to provide a comfortable situation till the permanent homes are reconstructed. The current shelters mostly are difficult and time- consuming to be erected and also they are usually made of heavy materials. Many of them are not foldable in a configurable geometrical order which make their transportation more difficult and their storage for future use is mostly problematic. Moreover, there is now a huge demand for temporary spaces for exhibition, care and camping units that are required to be used in different locations in different period of times. All of these mean that there is a necessity for the development of lightweight and transportable units that are able to meet different expectations and requirements and have the ability to be store for future use and be deployed in a short period of time.This paper is to propose a structure which can be substituted for current shelters. This temporary shelter is lightweight, foldable and uses modular components that can be replaced, repaired and stored in a short period of time. The proposed structure has the capability to be expanded by adding more space to its ends and sides. Considering that triangle as a stable form, this shelter is consisted of triangular parts which are moveable both on upper rails and the rails on which modules can be moved and opened in a sliding mechanism on the field. In order to develop the proposal, different alternatives are proposed which shows that this system can meet different topographical and environmental conditions and also different functions. The structure, in addition to its main function as a temporary shelter, can be used for temporary exhibitions and also for many temporary applications.