سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۹
محل انتشار: دومین همایش علوم و فناوری مواد فعال سطحی و صنایع شوینده
تعداد صفحات: ۱۲
mohammadreza khanmohammadi khorrami – R&D department tolypers CO
sakine akbari –
hanif fattahi –
leila javaheri –
to provide greater surface activity chemists have been in search of newer surfactants and the preparation started with bis-surfactants which were later renamed as gemini surfactants gemini surfactant is the family of surfactant molecules possessing more tha one hydrophobic tail and hydrophilic head group . these surfactants usually have bettersurface-active properties than corresponding converntional surfactants of equal chain length. the key feature differentiating them structurally from converntional surfactants is the linkage betweenindividual amphiphilic moieties referred to as spacer.