سال انتشار: ۱۳۹۰

محل انتشار: اولین همایش ملی زمین شناسی ایران

تعداد صفحات: ۱۰

نویسنده(ها):

M Nazeri – PH.D students in Economic geology and the member of Young Researchers Club
M ghadami – PH.D students in economic geology.Islamic Azad University,North Tehran Branch
K Ahzan – Faculty Member of Islamic Azad University, Shahre ghods Branch
M Jafari – Faculty Member of Islamic Azad University, North Tehran Branch, Department of geology

چکیده:

Ramsar area is located across and between Alborze Mountain and Caspine Sea in North of Iran. About 30 spas are located south of the Ramsar and Sadatshar town. They are almost in between 20 to 70 m elevation. Paleozoic, Mesozoic and Tertiary rocks and alluvial deposit are exposed around the Ramsar area. In tertiary, acidic Plutonism was active and intrusion into the Paleozoic and Cenozoic formations. Quaternary and Alluvium deposits are exposed and extending on the Jurassic formations in Ramsar plain and have thickness lower than 10 m in show springs. The annual precipitation in the Ramsar region is 976 mm.There has not any proper Thermal spring management in Ramsar area yet. This could post some serious problem on improper management of Thermal spring sites, where its environment has been put into jeopardy. This study aims to provide a way to classify the Thermal springs in Ramsar area. The result of this study help in the classification of Thermal spring sites for official planning improvement of administration and sustainable development of natural resources of the area.The study makes use of the Department of Applied Geosciences in Islamic Azad University. GIS data of a total of 9 Thermal springs in the attempt to set up a classification system of Thermal springs in Ramsar area. These data include surface temperature, conductivity, alkalinity, acidity, TDS, pH values, H2S, Ca, Cl, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na, SiO2, SO4 contents, their locations, usages and other relevant information.The surface temperature of Thermal springs are between 19oC – ۶۵oC and Na-K-Ca geothermometer shows estimated reservoir temperature range from 25 o C – ۱۹۵ o C. Most of the water from these Thermal springs is relatively turbidness and their composition is sodium choloride. The Thermal springs in this area generally exhibit high SiO2 and Na content; strong smell of sulfur.In addition, there are 9 Thermal springs that show high concentration of Cl, Ca, Na, K and Mg.There are three major criteria used in the classification system in this study, temperature, pH and their usage. On the basis of temperature, there are three classes of Thermal springs in Ramsar area: hyper thermal spring (10 %, 50-99o C); thermal spring (80%, 30-50o C). There is one class achieved on the basis of pH values: all of Thermal springs exhibit weak acids. There are 4 types of usage classification: swimming pools, Tourism, space heating and drying of organic materials.