سال انتشار: ۱۳۹۱

محل انتشار: دومین کنفرانس بین المللی سالانه انرژی پاک

تعداد صفحات: ۶

نویسنده(ها):

Ali Zarei – Ms.c. student in Civil Engineering, Department of Engineering, Zabol University
S.M Tabatabaei – Ph. D. of Electrokinetic from McGill University, Assistant professor, Department of water and soil Engineering, Zabol

چکیده:

Water shortage and environmental problems are becoming worse and worse. The growing scarcity of freshwater is driving the implementation of seawaterand brackish water desalination on an increasingly large scale. However, the energy required to run desalination plants remains a drawback. Today, current desalinationmethods require large amounts of energy which is costly both in environmental pollution and in money terms.The idea of using renewable energy sources that are considered as part of clean energy is fundamentally attractive and many studies have been done in this area.This paper presents a review of the highlights that have been achieved during the recent years and the state-ofthe-art for most important efforts in the field of desalination using renewable sources of energy like solar, geothermal, wind and wave which could be usedin Iran. Finally, some general guidelines are given for selection of desalination and renewable energy systems and the parameters that need to be considered.Renewable energies are expected to have a flourishing future and an important role in the domain of brackish and seawater desalination