دانلود مقاله Safety Science and Engineering of Emergency Management System Based on the Theory of Risk Management
سال انتشار: ۱۳۹۱
محل انتشار: دومین همایش ملی بهداشت، ایمنی و محیط زیست (HSE)
تعداد صفحات: ۴
Alireza Joshaghani – Department of Civil Engineering, Construction Management Amirkabir – Universit of Technology, Tehran, Iran
In any country the health sector is important in terms of human wellbeing and large in terms of economics. The health sector might therefore be expected to be a finely tuned enterprise, utilising corporate knowledge in a constant process of critically reviewing and improving its activities and processes. However, this is seldom the case. Health systems and practice are highly variable and lag behind research discovery. This contrastsstrongly with commercial bodies, and particularly service industries, where the concept of the learning organisation is strongly seen as the key to optimisation. A learning organisation accesses for analytic purposes operational data, which though captured and recorded for day-to-day transactions at the customer level, become also the basis of understanding changes in both demand and delivery process. Here after the new realizes, the emergency management system (EMS) establishing was elaborated in this paper under the guide of legislation. Based on the RM theory, beginning from the risk identification, setting RM as the object, making the focal point on early warning and raising emergency response ability step by step, the emergency response plan would be practical. Getting change from rescue after an accident took place to precaution before an unexpected incident happens should be as the direction and main content for the establishment of EMS. In the paper, the relationship and difference between accident and incident is discussed, and a conclusion is given for studying the establishment of EMS.