سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۹

محل انتشار: چهارمین همایش پیل سوختی ایران

تعداد صفحات: ۱۱

نویسنده(ها):

Karim Kakaei – Department of Physical Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Hussein Gharibi – Department of Physical Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Mohammad Zhiani – bDepartment of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Isfahan industrial University, Isfahan, Iran
Rasol Abdullah Mirzaiec – Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Shahid Rajaee University, Tehran, Iran

چکیده:

A film of PANI nanowires (PANI (NWs)) was deposited onto the surface of a stainless steel electrode via cyclic voltammetry. During the polymerization of aniline (ANI), PANI( NWs) were doped with trifluoromethane sulfonic acid, and the doped PANI were utilized for the fabrication of a Vulcan (C) PANI composite. Pt particles were subsequently deposited by reduction onto the CPANI composite to produce a Pt/C-PANI electrocatalyst. the electrodes are characterized by cyclic voltammetry, current–potential measurements, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and chronoamperometry. The polyaniline is found to be homogenously dispersed in the catalyst layer, making it a good candidate proton and electron conductor. Use of polyaniline instead of Nafion in the catalyst layer, increases the utility of the electrocatalyst by 18%.The results are consistent with the presence of polyaniline as a conductive polymer in the reaction layer reducing the polarization resistance of the electrode in comparison with that of a corresponding electrode containing Nafion. Thus, the present results indicate that PEMFCs using polyaniline-containing electrocatalysts should give superior performance to those using catalysts containing traditional ionomers