سال انتشار: ۱۳۹۰

محل انتشار: پنجمین کنفرانس بین المللی پیشرفتهای علوم و تکنولوژی

تعداد صفحات: ۸

نویسنده(ها):

Sharif Motawef – PhD, Urban Planning,
Saeedeh Asadi – MA, Reconstruction after disaster,

چکیده:

After Bam Earthquake in 2003, people migration took place in two ways some migrated to cities around and some also came to the city that most of them changed into permanent residents. This caused problems and difficulties in reconstruction and recovery phases in the city after the disaster.Experiences show that, migration after disasters for finding job and better economic conditions in developing countries lead to some problems in basic services, for host societies. In developed countries like, the Italy Earthquake in 2009, migration occurred for cultural reasons and economic policies of government. A number of issues such as Social correlation, government policies in recovery and reconstruction, economic condition of society before and after the disasters were analyzed with literature review.Research findings show that migration of Bam was impressed by lack of consideration to economic rehabilitation, traumatic phenomenon after the disaster, social and identity subject, reconstruction methods and physical problems. The feeling of non-identity and foreignness to city among its residents led to migrate some and only poor groups stay in Bam. In reconstruction phase, strange workers found jobs in the city and settled there. Some of villagers around Bam also migrated to use facilities after the disaster that social, cultural- economic, physical and population subjects are the results.