سال انتشار: ۱۳۹۱
محل انتشار: دهمین همایش بین المللی سواحل، بنادر و سازه های دریایی
تعداد صفحات: ۱۲
Abbas Sarmadi – BA in Marine Engineering – Hormozgan Port Authority-Shahid Rajaee Port
Naser Taheri – BA in Marine Engineering – Hormozgan Port Authority-Shahid Rajaee Port
Amir Mehdi Motamedi – BA in Marine Engineering – Hormozgan Port Authority-Shahid Rajaee Port
National and international authorities have worked for many years to improve safety in marine transportation. Improvements have been made in vessel design and construction, navigation aids, watch keeping guidelines, professional training, and marine traffic regulation. But in order to achieve universal adoption of these advances, establishment and enforcement of international conventions and national shipping laws and regulations is usually necessary.Despite continuing efforts to improve operational safety, major shipping accidents involving all categories of vessels continue to occur. Most of these accidents have been attributed to human causes rather than purely mechanical, environmental, or other causes. Marine navigation andpiloting system is a key to enhanced maritime safety. Marine navigation and piloting form a complex operating system consisting of vessel andwaterway systems; human operators; organizational culture and structure; and a supporting infrastructure for management, pilotage, policy and regulation, and professional development. System effectiveness depends heavily on human performance. Risk varies according to physicalfactors such as waterway dimensions; vessel factors including size and loading and etc. The organizational structure for decision-making involving more than two vessels or on a portwidebasis is loosely integrated and mostly informal. Waterways management functions arespread among various government and commercial organizations. Marine traffic regulation is applied sparingly, but interest in this approach is growing. Technology already exists that couldbe used to better integrate and improve waterways management; International measures to improve commercial vessel safety seek to provide universal results, but they may not be employed fully by all maritime countries. The current understanding of operational risk isinsufficient to guide improvements in the marine navigation and piloting system. Despite its many shortfalls, the system works most of the time. But when marine accidents occur, close examination of navigation and piloting practices is necessary.