سال انتشار: ۱۳۹۰

محل انتشار: اولین کنفرانس بین المللی رویکردهای نوین در نگهداشت انرژی

تعداد صفحات: ۸

نویسنده(ها):

farzad mohammadkhani – Urmia University, Department of Mechanical Engineering
shahram khalilarya – Urmia University, Department of Mechanical Engineering Urmia University
iraj mirzaee – Urmia University, Department of Mechanical Engineering

چکیده:

Exergoeconomic analysis and optimization technique combines second law analysis with economics for cost effective thermal system design. The main concept of exergoeconomic is the exergetic cost and it deals with cost accounting methods. Internal combustion engines are mostly employed in low and medium power cogeneration units. In this work, an ICE cogeneration system that produces 251 KW of electricity and increases the temperature of water from 80 ºC to 120 ºC at 2 bar and 1.75 kg/s, is optimized using exergoeconomic principles and genetic algorithm. Evolutionary algorithms are capable of handling problems with non-linear constraints, multiple objectives and dynamic components properties that frequently appear in real world problems. Objective function represented the total cost of the plant in terms of dollar per second and defined as the sum of the operating cost related to the fuel consumption and the capital investment for equipment purchase and maintenance costs and also the cost of exergy destruction and losses related to equipment’s and the entire system. Results show that by applying genetic algorithm, 15.1% improvement in objective function is achieved which is very noticeable in thermal systems optimization Also the effect of change in objective function with change in unit cost of fuel is studied