سال انتشار: ۱۳۹۱

محل انتشار: ششمین همایش ملی و اولین همایش بین المللی مدیریت پسماند

تعداد صفحات: ۱۰

نویسنده(ها):

Emad Dehghanifard – Environmental Health Engineering Department, School of Public Health, Alborz University of Medical Sciences
Mohammad Hadi Dehghani – Environmental Health Engineering Department, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Kamal Azam – Epidemiology and Biostatistics Department, School of Public Health, Alborz University of Medical Sciences
Mohammad Nouri Sepehr – Environmental Health Engineering Department, School of Public Health, Alborz University of Medical Sciences

چکیده:

Waste management for municipal solid waste is considered a public health services, providing citizens with a system of disposing of their waste in an environmentally sound and economically feasible way. The amount and composition of waste generated comprise the basic information needed for the planning, operation and optimization of waste management systems. In this study, paper and plastic quantity changes in the MSW (municipal solid waste) of the region ١٠ of Tehran city in ٢٠٠٩ were evaluated. This study was conducted in ۶ months, in the summer and autumn seasons of ٢٠٠٩, at the region ١٠ of Tehran city. In this study, paper and plastic in the solid wastes were segregated and analyzed by SPSS software. The paper parameter of solid wastes was consisted of folder paper, cut board and used newspaper. The plastic parameter of solid wastes was consisted of plastic materials, plastic house shoes, plastic sack, nylon sack, linoleum, radiology photograph and PET. Samples were collected and weighed daily. The total quantity of paper and plastic portion of this region solid waste were ٢٠٣٩٣٠ Kg and ١٨٠١٠١ Kg, respectively. The percentage of paper and plastic portion of this region solid waste also were ۶.٨٢ and ۶.٠٣, respectively. The analyses showed a significant difference between these parameters and season, some months and days (P-value<٠.٠۵). So, because of the results of this study and economical issues, the paper and plastic segregation from generated source point and recycling them are important.