سال انتشار: ۱۳۹۱
محل انتشار: اولین کنفرانس ملی فناوریهای معدنکاری ایران
تعداد صفحات: ۸
GH.R Saeedi – Associate professor, Department of Mining engineering, Shahid Bahonar University, Kerman, Iran,
K Shahriar – Full professor, Department of Mining and Metallurgical engineering, Amirkabir University, Iran
B Rezai – Full professor, Department of Mining and Metallurgical engineering, Amirkabir University, Iran
Dilution is one of many challenges confronting professionals in mining and milling, and is perhaps one of the oldest. Longwall mining is one of the mining methods that is often affected by out-of-seam dilution (OSD). In this method, roof falls play a significant role in increasing OSD in the prop-free front of the face area. Thus, estimating the volume of roof fall can be extremely helpful to assess dilution of the run of mine coal without a sampling process. This paper presents the effect of exposed area geometry on potential roof falls using the 2D numerical modelling program FLAC. In this respect, a half-prolate ellipsoid was considered as the low stress level or plasticity zone under yield tension which roof material fall. Since FLAC software does not show roof falls in prop-free front of the face, a series of two-dimensional numerical models are developed using UDEC software. The comparison of the results of two numerical models clearly indicates that volumes of roof fall obtained by means of these methods are in good agreement with each other.