سال انتشار: ۱۳۹۰

محل انتشار: پنجمین کنفرانس بین المللی پیشرفتهای علوم و تکنولوژی

تعداد صفحات: ۱۲

نویسنده(ها):

Siamak Boudaghpour – Ph.D, Environmental Branch, Civil Engineering Dept, K.N Toosi University of Technology. Tehran

چکیده:

Building dams has always been classified as a combination of engineering works, that result in the best utilization of river supplies and protection against river floods.This Dam is located in the Nesa rood river watershed and the whole watershed is in Ramsar county . it is placed in the south-west of the Caspian Sea and the north-east of Mount Alborz between the longitudes 50ْ ۳۵´ and 42´ of east the latitudes 36ْ ۴۹´ and 36ْْ ۵۲´ of north . We evaluated the social, economical and cultural effects of this Dam in populated areas of its watershed and found that the construction of this Dam has remarkable positive effects like controlling dangerous floods, providing water for agricultural activities and increasing job opportunities.Growing population of the world, increase of deserts , destroying renewable supplies , shortage of food (esp. water) have always been a concern for human communities .Shortage of water is of high importance in the countries with little supplies of water like Iran. Therefore, the necessity of development projects in order to utilize water properly and avoid wasting it seems obvious.This has caused many developments to human communities .Studies have shown that the construction of Meijaran Dam in the west of Mazandaran Province has important effects on providing water for drinking purpose , small industrial centers and agricultural lands.It also attracts tourists and causes the population to move to this place and the result will be the economical and social prosperity