سال انتشار: ۱۳۹۱
محل انتشار: اولین کنفرانس بین المللی نفت، گاز، پتروشیمی و نیروگاهی
تعداد صفحات: ۵
a memari – islamic azad university mahshahr
Connate water or produced water is any water that exists in reservoir with hydrocarbon sources and is extracted by crude oil or natural gas when hydrocarbons are extracted indeed they are brought to the surface in a combination form of an extracted fluid combination of this fluid depends on this that either oil is extracted or natural gas and generally it includes a mixture of liquid hydrocarbons and gassy hydrocarbons connate water dissolved or suspended particles extracted solids like sands clay mud injected fluids and additives that may be in the composition resulted from exploration and production activities.