سال انتشار: ۱۳۹۱
محل انتشار: نخستین همایش ملی مهندسی مخازن هیدروکربوری، علوم و صنایع وابسته
تعداد صفحات: ۸
Ali Asghar Shafiei – MSc in Petroleum Reservoir Engineering
In recent years there has been an increasing interest in WAG processes, both miscible and immiscible. Design of WAG process is more complicated than waterflood and gas injection processes, due to existence of three mobile phases simulataneously. Parameters that should be considered for the WAG process include reservoir heterogeneity and stratification, rock and fluid characteristics, injection gas characteristics, injection pattern, tapering (change in water to gas ratio throughout the flood), WAG injection parameters (water to gas ratio, number of cycles, injection rates), flow dispersion effects (relative permeability description for three phases), gravity considerations in WAG and laboratory studies and simulation. Plain gas injection is a WAG process with water to gas ratio of 0:1, hence these these design issues are applicable to gas injection design. The popularity of the WAG process is evident from the increasing number of projects and many successful field wide applications. Waterflooding and plain gas injection are two commonly-used EOR methods in Iranian reservoirs, but their assocciated problems lead to lower production life of the wells. It’s been approved that WAG process, in some cases, modifies the demerits of these processes, hence more residual oil is produced. After design of the WAG process pilot tests are required to monitor its performance in the field.