سال انتشار: ۱۳۹۰

محل انتشار: کنفرانس بین المللی فرآورش پلیمرها

تعداد صفحات: ۴

نویسنده(ها):

Majid Pirali Hamedani – aSchool of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, P.O. Box: 11155-4563, Tehran, Iran
Seyed-Hassan Jafari – aSchool of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, P.O. Box: 11155-4563, Tehran, Iran
Ghasem Amoabediny – aSchool of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, P.O. Box: 11155-4563, Tehran, Iran
Mohammad Karimi – Amirkabir University of Technology, Department of Textile Engineering, Hafez Avenue, 15914 Tehran, Iran

چکیده:

The anisotropic flat sheet i-PP membranes have a vast variety of applications in bio-engineering such as oxygenators and artificial organs. This type of membranes was prepared via thermally induced phase separation (TIPS), by using of diphenyl ether (DPE) as a diluent. Anisotropic structure was gained by evaporating diluent from one surface of a polymer-diluent uniform mixture, before phase separation. The effect of evaporation times (0.5, 2, 4 and 7 min.) on the membrane structure was investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Furthermore, pore size was measured to analyze anisotropy of the membranes. At the beginning of evaporation, pore size distribution is same within the membrane thickness. However, by increasing of evaporation time, gradually more diluents diffuse out and hence, polymer concentration increases and thereafter anisotropic structure takes place subsequently. So by increasing evaporation time, pore size decreases and finally by passing seven minutes of evaporation, microporous structure changes to a dense structure.