سال انتشار: ۱۳۹۰
محل انتشار: اولین کنفرانس بین المللی و سومین کنفرانس ملی سد و نیروگاههای برق آبی
تعداد صفحات: ۱۴
Mohammad Heidarzadeh – Assistant professor, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
S. M. Sadr-Lahijani – Head of Karkheh Dam Project, Mahab Ghodss Consulting Engineers, Tehran, Iran
Habib Niroomand – Senior Engineer of Karkheh and Gotvand Dam Project, Mahab Ghodss Consulting Engineers, Tehran, Iran
Karim Fattahi – Senior Engineer of Gotvand Dam Project, Iran Water and Power Resources Development Company
We present a new technique for estimation of the elastic modulus of plastic concrete. A mixture of typical concrete with clay and bentonite, plastic concrete has been widelyused in recent years for developing diaphragm cut-off walls in many dam projects throughout the world. It is important to properly estimate the elastic modulus ofplastic concrete for dam safety because it should be close to the elastic modulus ofsurrounding soil to withstand the imposed deformations without breaking up.Nowadays, with increasing the number of dams equipped with plastic-concrete cut-offwalls, the proper estimation of the elastic modulus of plastic concrete is a matter of concern for many dam projects all over the world. The problem would be of greatimportance and complexity since this material neither behaves like an ordinary concrete nor like a natural soil. A review of the literature showed that the existingmethods for elastic modulus calculation are not so efficient and the obtained data arescattered. After several experiments, we noticed that the main problem associated withthe error in modulus estimation is the way that the strain is being measured during the test. Therefore, we proposed a new technique for strain measurement. To resolve the problem, we changed the stain gauge arrangement and shortened the distance usedfor strain measurement. The strain gauge was directly connected to the sample. Using the new technique, the stress-strain curve of plastic concrete was significantlyimproved and showed more stable and reliable behavior. A reasonably good timetrendwas observed for age-elastic modulus relationship of specimens using the new method. We recommend the application of this technique for estimation of thedeformability modulus of plastic concrete in dam projects.