سال انتشار: ۱۳۹۱

محل انتشار: نهمین کنگره بین المللی مهندسی عمران

تعداد صفحات: ۱۰

نویسنده(ها):

Hadi Soltanzadeh – School of Civil Engineering, Engineering Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia USM
Choong Kok Keong –

چکیده:

This research was carried out to investigate effect of curve folds in the form of Fibonacci spiral on behaviour of folded shell structures. Procedures to generate Fibonacci spiral on the plan shape of shell surface with curved folds have been proposed. Some of the Fibonacci sequence numbers are 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144, 233, 377, 610, 987, 1597, … The procedures proposed starts with specification of a central square with edge length of 2 which is the third number in Fibonacci sequence and ends when the spiral curve touches tangentially the edge of the outer square with length of 8 which is the sixth number in Fibonacci sequence. Two versions of models with different configuration of the spiral curves have been generated: one with constant radius of 3 (constant radius) and the second one with radius of 3 and 5(variable radius). The resulting plan view of the generated shell surface with folds consists of four spiral curves emanating from each of the four corner of the center 2×2 square. Finite element model is then generated for the purpose of structural analysis under self- weight using the software SAP2000. Pin support conditions at four intersection points along the outer edge have been assigned. Internal forces and deflection have been checked to compare the structural behaviour of the two models mentioned earlier. Results of analysis show that shell surface with spiral curved fold lines with variable radius has better performance as compared to that of constant radius. Specifically, in terms of maximum tensile stress, shell surface with constant radius is 24.95% higher than the model with variable radius and also maximum compressive stress for shell surface with constant radius is 36.83% higher than the model with variable radius. In terms of deflection, maximum vertical displacement in model with constant radius and variable radius is approximately the same with difference of only 4%. Model with constant radius shows maximum rotation which is 23.36% higher than that in model with variable radius