سال انتشار: ۱۳۹۱
محل انتشار: دهمین همایش بین المللی سواحل، بنادر و سازه های دریایی
تعداد صفحات: ۱۲
Hadi Shamsnia – Graduate student, K.N.Toosi University of Technology,
Kuorosh Hejazi – assistant professor, K.N.Toosi University of Technology,
The commonly used linear k-ε turbulence model is shown to be incapable of accurate prediction of turbulent flows where non-isotropy is dominant. Two examples of nonisotropic flows which are due to stratification and consequently variation of density through vertical layers are saline water flow and the stratified flows due to temperature gradients which have a wide range of applications in marine waters. In this paper a nonlinear k-ε turbulence model firstly presented by Speziale  is implemented in the existing hydrodynamic model. The energy equation has been also added and solved in thehydrodynamic model. The hydrodynamic model solves the fully nonlinear Navier-Stokes equations based on an ALE (Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian) description. The model is anextension to WISE (Width Integrated Stratified Environments) 2DV numerical model,originally developed by Hejazi . The simulated values have been compared with the experimental data and have shown acceptable agreements. The predictions are alsocompared with the results of the original model employing a standard buoyant k-ε turbulence model, which show the advantage of the new turbulence model in prediction of non-isotropic flows.